Mastering Business Immigration Complexities With An E-2 Visa Lawyer

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The E-2 Visa is a valuable option for foreign nationals who want to operate a business in the United States. However, the application process can be complex and full of pitfalls that can lead to denial or delays. Hence, it is essential to seek the guidance of an experienced E-2 Visa lawyer. Discover the practical approach to navigating the application process to ensure a hassle-free and successful transaction.

E-1 Visa Lawyer: Experience In Business Immigration Complexities

An E-2 Visa Lawyer Helps You Understand Business Immigration

The E-2 nonimmigrant classification enables eligible foreign nationals from treaty countries to enter the United States to invest and operate a business. This Visa is valid for up to two years and can be renewed repeatedly.

However, applicants must continue to meet specific qualifications to renew their Visa. The overall procedure for becoming a U.S. treaty investor can be quite taxing, so a seasoned immigration attorney’s insights are invaluable.

Legal professionals who focus on business immigration guarantee compliance with immigration laws and regulations to maximize the likelihood of a positive outcome. An E-2 Visa lawyer provides legal advice and helps prepare the required documentation. They also assist in navigating potential pitfalls, and represent the applicant’s interests throughout the process.

Having them on board from the get-go sets you off on the right foot and enables you to identify your qualifications early on.

Eligibility Criteria & Requirements

The application process for a treaty investor can be challenging, especially for first-time applicants. However, the process becomes less troublesome once you confirm that you meet all the requirements.


You must be a citizen of a treaty country with which the United States maintains an investment treaty. While such countries are considered “traditional,” some non-traditional ones qualify.

These countries may receive a few treaty investor applications or have weaker treaty ties with the United States. However, their treaties still allow for E-2 Visas. That said, if you’re from a non-traditional treaty country, you might face extra scrutiny during the review process.

Active Investment

To obtain a treaty investor status, you must actively invest in a legitimate business that generates substantial income or profit potential. The company should not be marginal or solely intended to provide personal services.

Ownership Or Control

You must demonstrate at least a 50% ownership stake in the business or a managerial or executive position to qualify. Such work allows you to control operations and ensures that you have a significant role in the business’s direction and growth.

Substantial Investment

A substantial amount of capital must be invested in a U.S. business. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) does not set a minimum investment amount. However, it must be sufficient to ensure the company’s successful operation.

Generally, the investment should be proportional to the total cost of purchasing an existing business or establishing a new one. Once you’ve established your eligibility with a skilled attorney, you can chart your course through the application process.

Navigating The Application Process

Like any other legal journey, the E-2 application process is overwhelming but worthwhile. Securing the necessary documents is the key to getting your application rolling.

Documentations Needed For Application

When applying, you must present a detailed set of documents to validate your eligibility and fulfill the requirements of the nonimmigrant category. The necessary documents include:

  • Passport. A valid passport that will remain valid for the duration of the intended stay in the United States.
  • Form DS-160. The Online Nonimmigrant Visa Application form must be completed and submitted electronically through the Consular Electronic Application Center (CEAC) website.
  • Business Plan: A detailed business plan outlining the enterprise’s objectives, operations, and financial projections. It should demonstrate the business’s viability, growth potential, and ability to create jobs for U.S. workers.
  • Investment Documentation. These documents demonstrate the source and amount of the investment funds. They include bank statements, tax returns, loan agreements, and other relevant papers showing the funds’ lawful origin.

It’s important to acknowledge that the document requirements may vary depending on individual circumstances and the nature of the investment.

Steps In Filing The Treaty Investor Visa

After acquiring all the required documents, you must follow several steps to file your application.

  • Submit The Application: Submit your completed Form DS-160 and supporting documentation to your home country’s U.S. embassy or consulate. To avoid delays or denials, submit all required documents accurately and completely.
  • Schedule And Attend The Interview: Process the application fee payment and arrange an interview at the embassy or consulate. The wait times for interview appointments can differ depending on the location, so it’s wise to schedule well in advance. Be prepared and bring all the required documents when attending the interview.
  • Wait For Processing: The application usually takes several weeks or months, depending on your case’s complexity and the embassy or consulate’s workload. During this time, it’s essential to remain patient and responsive to consular officers’ requests for additional documentation.
  • Receive The Visa: Once the application is approved, you will receive your E-2 Treaty Visa. This Visa allows you to stay in the United States for up to two years and can be renewed unlimited times. 

You may experience hiccups during the process, so it’s best to deal with the complexities with a qualified immigration lawyer. You can be assured of receiving proper guidance on handling legal issues and possible setbacks.

Common Pitfalls & How To Address Them

The general public often encounters stumbling blocks during the application process. To ensure a higher success rate, you must avoid the usual pitfalls or quickly remedy the situation to maintain higher chances of success.

Insufficient Investment Amount

Failure to invest substantial capital in the business can lead to an application denial. To tackle this, conduct thorough research to determine the suitable investment amount for your business venture’s needs. For instance, investing in a U.S. retail business requires evidence of expenses like inventory, lease agreements, and equipment purchases to show substantial investment.

Passive Investments

Investing in passive assets like residential properties or stocks may not qualify you for this nonimmigrant category. You should ensure the investment is actively utilized to establish or operate a bona fide enterprise in the United States. For example, investing in a restaurant showcases active business involvement, which involves managing expenses, hiring staff, and marketing efforts.

Lack Of Ownership Or Control

Failing to demonstrate at least a 50% ownership stake in the business or managerial control can result in a Visa denial. Therefore, you should provide clear documentation, such as ownership agreements or employment contracts, to establish your role in the business.

If you are investing in a technology startup, showing evidence of ownership shares and a management position within the company can strengthen your application.

Inadequate Business Plan

Submitting a vague or incomplete business plan that fails to demonstrate the enterprise’s viability and growth potential may result in unwanted consequences. You must have a detailed outline of your company objectives, market analysis, financial projections, and job creation potential.

For example, if you’re starting a consulting firm, your plan should cover market research, client acquisition strategies, and revenue projections to demonstrate potential success.

Unlawful Source Of Funds

You should only anticipate a positive result with evidence of lawful investment funds. To verify the origin of your funds, you must gather comprehensive documentation, such as bank statements, tax returns, and business income records. If you’re using personal savings, providing bank statements showing consistent deposits from legitimate sources can demonstrate the lawful acquisition of funds.

To maximize the benefits of acquiring treaty investor status, avoid these typical mistakes in your application process. Your best bet for a favorable outcome is to get legal assistance from a skilled immigration attorney.

Advantages Of Legal Counsel From Lozano Law Firm

Navigating Business Immigration: E-1 Visa Attorney's Experience

Acquiring a Visa for trade investment in the United States can be complex and taxing. However, seeking counsel from an E-2 Visa lawyer of Lozano Law Firm offers numerous advantages.

First, the law firm offers guidance and insight into the process’s intricacies. Its attorneys have in-depth knowledge of the eligibility requirements, document preparation, and submission procedures for treaty investor applications.

In addition, the firm’s immigration attorneys in San Antonio provide personalized assistance tailored to your unique needs and circumstances. They understand that every application is different and take the time to assess your investment plans, business objectives, and immigration goals.

Furthermore, Lozano Law Firm offers comprehensive support throughout the entire application process. Their attorneys guide you through each step, from the initial consultation to approval. With their experienced immigration lawyers, you can confidently pursue your investment plans in the United States.


The E-2 category is a valuable option for foreign nationals looking to invest and operate a business in the United States. However, the application process can be complex and full of pitfalls that can lead to denial or delays. By understanding the eligibility criteria and legal considerations involved, you can boost your chances of success.

Moreover, legal counsel can provide practical legal insight while mitigating risks and errors. To navigate these complexities, it is essential to seek legal guidance from an experienced immigration lawyer at Lozano Law Firm. 

About Alfredo Lozano

alfredo lozano of lozano law firm inAlfredo Lozano is the founder and principal attorney at Lozano Law Firm, an immigration law firm serving the communities of San Antonio, Eagle Pass, Laredo and San Angelo in business and family-based immigration law. Mr. Lozano is a member of the State Bar of Texas, the San Antonio Bar Association, and the American Immigration Lawyers Association.

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