Balancing Efficiency Of Expedited Removal In Immigration

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In the complex immigration system, expedited removal is a contentious process that draws supporters and adversaries alike. The streamlined approach to deportation prompts people to question its effectiveness. Moreover, it should also have a check and balance in its implementation.

Thus, understanding expedited deportation provides insights into the potential changes and challenges you may face with unauthorized entry into the U.S. This knowledge helps you navigate the complexities of migration by helping you make informed decisions.

Learn The Necessary Aspects Related To Expedited Removal And How It Works

What Is Expedited Removal?

An expedited deportation is a process that allows officers to deport certain individuals without the need for a hearing before an immigration judge. This is mainly used for those who are apprehended near the border. It is also utilized for immigrants who have entered the United States without proper documentation.

Who Are Subject To Hastened Deportation?

In Texas, this measure applies to specific individuals encountered within 100 miles of the U.S. border, who have been in the country for less than 14 days. Additionally, those arriving by sea and lacking proper documentation can also be subjected to expedited removal, regardless of their location within the state.

This streamlined procedure is intended to address illegal immigration at the borders promptly. It ensures efficient enforcement of immigration laws while allowing authorities to focus on critical border security concerns.

What Are The Exceptions?

Under the law, individuals who express a fear of returning to their home country or seeking asylum can be exempt from rushed deportation. In such cases, they are entitled to a credible interview to determine the validity of their claim. Moreover, individuals with valid immigration status or those who can prove they are U.S. citizens are also exempt from hastened removal in Texas and beyond.

What Happens After An Expedited Order?

After a removal order is issued in Texas, the individual faces immediate deportation without a hearing before an immigration judge. This process is usually applied to those deemed inadmissible due to misrepresentation, lack of proper documents, or visa violations. Once the order is executed, the individual is detained and transported to their country of origin or another safe third country.

However, there may be limited exceptions, such as expressing fear of persecution or requesting asylum. In such cases, immigration authorities conduct a credible interview to assess their eligibility for protection. If you are facing expedited deportation, seek legal counsel promptly to explore potential options and safeguard your rights.

The Impact On The Immigration Landscape

On July 23, 2019, the DHS introduced a significant expansion of this expulsion method. This extended its reach to undocumented individuals who entered the country without inspection and cannot prove at least two years of residence. Despite taking immediate effect, the expansion has faced legal challenges from immigration advocates. Below are those who are exempt from this displacement method:

  • Individuals with legal statuses, such as U.S. citizens, Lawful Permanent Residents (LPRs), valid visa holders, refugees, and asylum seekers
  • Unaccompanied minors are also exempt from it. 
  • Admitted or paroled into the country, including visa overstayers.

With this expansion, immigration authorities are also looking into improving the process of handling undocumented immigrants.

New Measures To Address Unlawful Immigration

In 2023, the Department of State started new measures to curb unlawful migration. They are also working with DHS to expand legal pathways for protection and improve the processing of migrants. This will lead to using immigration authorities to process and remove individuals who unlawfully enter the U.S. border.

Asylum Eligibility For Unauthorized Border Crossers

This change aims to reduce repeat border crossings. A proposed immigration regulation would make those who enter without authorization or a scheduled port of entry time ineligible for asylum. Also, congressional action is still necessary for comprehensive immigration reform. Typically, this process involves immigration officers conducting a screening interview.

Is Appeal Possible?

Unfortunately, in most cases, appeals are not allowed for those subjected to a rushed deportation. However, limited exceptions may apply, such as credible fear of persecution or eligibility for asylum. It’s crucial for affected individuals to seek legal counsel immediately to understand their options and potential relief avenues. Navigating the complexities of immigration law can be daunting, but seeking professional advice can make a significant difference.

What Can You Do To Avoid An Expedited Deportation?

Avoiding a hurried removal requires understanding the factors that trigger this process and taking necessary precautions. Firstly, ensure your immigration documents are valid and up-to-date, as outdated or incorrect paperwork may lead to removal. Seek legal counsel to understand your rights and options, especially if you fear persecution in your home country.

Avoid criminal activities, as any involvement can trigger a deportation case. Cooperate with immigration officers during encounters and provide truthful information. If detained, do not sign any documents without legal advice.

Maintaining a clean immigration record and seeking professional guidance are crucial steps to safeguarding against expedited removal in Texas.

Deportation Under Department Of Homeland Security

A security officer authorized to issue an order of legal dismissal acts as a judge. They often arrest a person and order them deported the same day. Under the law, those arriving at a U.S. port of entry and found inadmissible due to misrepresentation or lack of valid entry documents face this kind of legal eviction.

Moreover, DHS usually only applies this to noncitizens in these categories. Noncitizens either just arrived at a port of entry or apprehended within 14 days of their arrival and within 100 miles of an international land border.

Understanding The Exceptions In Cases Of Persecution

The only time the removal proceeding cannot be applied is when individuals flee persecution in their countries of origin. In that case, the officer must refer them for an interview with an asylum officer. In fact, DHS officers are required by law to read information to individuals subject to this expulsion.

This information notifies them of their entitlement to engage in communication with an asylum officer in the event they express concerns regarding their return.

If an asylum officer determines that there is a credible fear, the applicant is taken out of the process. They are then served with a Notice to Appear in court and placed in regular removal proceedings before an immigration judge. They may then pursue an asylum application and any other form of relief for which they are eligible.

Immigration Court Proceedings & Proof Of Presence

How An Expedited Removal Attorney Can Help You In Your U.S. Deportation Case

DHS officers are also obligated to put people into immigration court proceedings. This applies when a person provides proof of their presence in the United States for at least two years.

It may be a good idea to carry documents proving this. Carrying such documents may convince a DHS officer to place someone into regular removal proceedings instead of expedited deportation.

Handling Uncertainty In Deportation Cases

There is no guarantee that DHS officers will decide that the documents presented are enough proof of presence in the United States. This lack of certainty may result in individuals being subjected to removal.

However, if you choose to carry documents with you, DHS often considers things like copies of documents from schools, places of work, churches, and banks. Immigration courts also often take these documents into consideration.

The Scope Of The Removal Process On Noncitizens

Also, if this procedure is applied as instructed by the President, immigration officers may start to use it against any noncitizen caught anywhere in the United States. This applies to individuals who are inadmissible due to allegations of fraud or lack of entry documents.

Immigration officers may also use the removal against noncitizens who entered without inspection less than two years prior to the date of detention. This policy could lead to the widespread application of such legal expulsion in various cases of inadmissibility and unlawful entry within the United States.

Furthermore, DHS could also apply the process to more people, potentially including U.S. citizens and noncitizens with substantial ties to the United States.

Let Lozano Law Firm Be Your Legal Advocate

Professionals skilled in immigration cases play a major role in assisting individuals facing such legal proceedings. These legal professionals possess the knowledge and ability necessary to navigate the intricate web of immigration laws, ensuring equitable treatment for their clients.

In these cases, these lawyers act as advocates, safeguarding the rights of individuals and challenging hasty and potentially unfair evictions. Their competence proves invaluable in unearthing crucial facts and gathering evidence. They also construct a robust defense to counter the allegations put forth by immigration authorities during the removal proceedings.


Expedited deportation is a contentious procedure used to remove individuals without a hearing before an immigration judge. It primarily targets those apprehended near the border or lacking proper documentation. The concerns regarding its effectiveness and impact on due process necessitate a comprehensive understanding of navigating the complexities of migration. 

Skilled immigration lawyers assume a key role in defending individuals during the removal proceedings, advocating for their rights, and contesting unjust deportations. These attorneys act as allies, safeguarding individuals’ rights and familial unity. They ensure equitable treatment and positive outcomes despite the high stakes and potential for abuse.

About Alfredo Lozano

alfredo lozano of lozano law firm inAlfredo Lozano is the founder and principal attorney at Lozano Law Firm, an immigration law firm serving the communities of San Antonio, Eagle Pass, Laredo and San Angelo in business and family-based immigration law. Mr. Lozano is a member of the State Bar of Texas, the San Antonio Bar Association, and the American Immigration Lawyers Association.

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